This was shown in the line “She raised him twice, once as mother then as father. 0000115243 00000 n He tells to the son, to teach him how to “laugh with his heart” as he knows that now a days people are emotionless and act in facetious manners. List of Poetic Devices. 4 Pool 5 This is seen through lines 4-6, “But now they only laugh with their teeth,/ While their ice block cold eyes/ search behind my shadow, and lines 13-18, “‘Feel at home!’ ‘Come again’; / they say, and when I come/ again and feel/ at home, once, twice,/ there will be no thrice-/ for then I will find doors shut on me.” The mother’s role in the poem “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” is that of a nurturer, “She raised him twice, once as mother/ then as father, set no ceiling/ on what he could be doctor,/ Earth healer, pilot take wings.” However a mother cannot do what a father can do and without a father figure in the home and looked for it on the outside, “He says you are like a father to him/ she is wondering what kind of father would give a son hot and exploding/ death when he asks him for help. Created by. The role of the speaker is to educate his son about the drastic change in social formalities, compared to now and when he was a young boy. 0000161304 00000 n Incidentally, this blog will allow students to present diverse interpretations of texts that are both critical and genuine…. PartA In the poems “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara and “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” by Lorna Goodison,parental guidance and its results are the main focus as well as childhood innocence and the loss of it. In “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara, the word “heart” is a connotation for sincerity. The son tells his mother that his employer is like a father to him, but the mother is disgruntled that the ‘father figure’ within her child’s life would seek to endanger him, as a way of coming to accept the possibility of her son’s death, she prepares for her son’s death by going downtown to buy funeral apparel. 0000000016 00000 n B. In “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara the repetition of the word face and how it is used creates a scene in our mind that the audience can relate to. The mother became aware of the child's presence when she experienced morning sickness. In the poem “The Woman speaks to the man who has employed her son” by Lorna Goodison the persona plays the role of a once hopeful but disappointed mother which is somewhat understanding. The speaker is not apart of the poem, which creates an unbiased atmosphere, where she only focusses on telling the readers about the mother’s current situation and not bombarding them with her opinions. Line 1 “Once upon aEmpl time, son,”in “Once Upon a Time” tells that the fther is reflecting on past experience. Such signs made her know That she was not alone in her body. “Once Upon a Time” speaks about how the world is now and warns his son about how people truly are. The father in the poem “Once Upon A Time” serves as an educator for his son and the mother tries to raise her son to be an upstanding citizen however she fails and lose her son to gang violence due to the lack of a father figure in the home. In the poem “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the poetic device, biblical allusion, is used to highlight the major theme betrayal. B. He tells his son how he used to: smile, laugh and shake hands once upon a time when those things were done with sincerity much like how he(the son) does those things now. Compare the role of the speaking personas (in the lives of the child personas) in EACH poem. 0000010456 00000 n She thought her son would had known better to not betrayed he. Similie is also used as a major poetic device in “the woman who speaks to the man who employed her son”, Loine 9-10 “she carried him like poor carry hope” which brings out the theme love. In the poems “Once Upon a Time” and “The Woman speaks to the man who employed her son” Parental influence is the key ingredient in any healthy family relationship. While in the poem “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the speaking persona; the mother of the child persona, main role was to raise the child. At the end of the poem where it says “Absalom”, alludes to Absalom the son of King David. PART B As a result of the child departing from his mother teachings it caused his mother to play the role of a disappointed parent. 0000016291 00000 n An example is in the line that reads, ” I have learnt to wear many faces like dresses,” this is significant as it shows that the speaker had to find ways to adapt in order to counter the problem in society. Poetic devices can be simply referred to as a form of literary devices which are used in poetry. This sentence signified his overall turn from being that of a loving and wholehearted individual to one of the many people in his society. In the poems “Once Upon a Time” and ” Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the speaking persona’s purpose is to be a symbol of what life should be and what they (the children) should strive to be. However as hard as she may have tried her impact on the son wouldn’t be the same as a male figure. Line 20-21 is a perfect example, ” i have learned to wear many faces like dresses”. The speaker talks about how the cares deeply for her son who she carried “like the poor carry hope,” where she placed all her dreams and aspirations, as well as equity to see a brighter for herself and her son. In the poem it was shown that the mother raised her child two times both as a mother and a father. He wants to be like his son that truly express his feelings. . This also allows the reader to understand that because they “used to” means that this form of pure greeting is rare in modern times which then highlights the theme chosen. Throughout both these examples, the them dishonesty is placed in the spotlight as it encompasses telling a lie, in the sense that he is lying about his true feelings, which are dishonest. While in the poem ” The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed Her Son” the mother’s role is to be there for her son and be supportive because he has no father. Like a virus installed on a computer the society has corrupted his mind into doing what is wrong without even noticing. In the poem “The woman speaks to the man who employed her son” the major theme brought out is Simile we can see from the poem lines 9-10 “she carried him like the poor carry hope” speaks to the point that poor have no wealth or meaning of purpose in life at a tender age and is often looked down as the lest fortunate and there is usually no chance of breaking through poverty and the hope for life to improve is all they have so when the writer compares to the mother to poor people carrying hope in the sense that she carried the boy in her womb and took care of him like he was the only thing she had. The father in “Once Upon A Time” seeks to educate his son whereas the mother in “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” tries at first to nurture and care for her son, before eventually becoming resigned to what fate seems to throw at her. 0000004217 00000 n 233 0 obj <>stream 0000010057 00000 n 0000005891 00000 n 162 0 obj <> endobj Despite, all of that, the mother uses the little hope she has left to pray for her son, as well as to read psalms for his employer, to see that one day that both could come to a life that is not drowned in blood. Therefore, the implication is that the persona is false just like the people he despises. These lines bring attention to how black women are perceived as both unearthly, goddess-like beings described in Jazz and many other artforms that praise their features and beauty, yet at the same time, their history is mostly forgotten. Let’s start with the form of the poem. 0000182650 00000 n It is ironic as if he actually loved or cared for the son he wouldn’t want to expose him to such dangers. In both poems, poetic devices are used to develop their core themes. This highlights the theme of Appearance Vs. 0000006887 00000 n 0000018710 00000 n This depicts that he has to change his personality to suit each type of special or formal occasion, to make them believe that he is genuine with them, eventhough he is not. The poet compares the persona’s laugh to snakes’. Furthermore in telling his son about the true world he not only wants to protect him and preserve his innocence but also desires to learn to be genuine like him. Allegory. Of all the poetic devices, rhyme is far and away my favorite - call it a product of a being a hip hop fan maybe. The father is a warning to the child, as the poem is him speaking to his son about the disingenuous nature of the world today. PLAY. The Woman Speaks to the Man who has employed Her Son by Lorna Goodison. 0000009972 00000 n 0000182925 00000 n The poem “ The Woman speaks to the Man who employed her son” speaks about a persona in the poem that is telling astory of a mother who loved her son and raised him as a single mother and sacrificed so much and hoped he would come out to something better than her. People only engage in conversation only to see what they can gain or take from them. 0000150324 00000 n Even the writer himself may not realize that he is using various types of poetic devices to draw in the reader. When you think of a snake, words such as sneaky and deceitful come to mind. it will leave my shape behind. 0000110995 00000 n The Poem “Once Upon A Time” a major theme seen in the poem is the lost of childhood innocence. He progresses to how the world has changed for the worse to become a place where hypocrisy is prevalent in everyday life and society, he speaks about how he has changed and adapted to such a world but he also reveals that if possible he would willingly revert back to the innocence he once had, the same innocence he sees now in his son. She prepares for her son’s death by going downtown to buy funeral apparel. This shows the readers the cold-ice-block emotions felt by the speaker. What are the poetic devices in the poem women by alice walker. This statement, which was coined by Edward Bulwer-Lytton in 1839, contains two examples of metonymy: "the pen" refers to "the written word," and "the sword" refers to "military force/violence." The device is somewhat making fun of the the employer as the mother is complainig that he loves her son so much to give him a gun for himself. Specifically, it’s primary focus is to exemplify the reader response approach– allowing students to experience, interact and respond to literature in a personal way. On the other hand, in the poem, “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son,” by Lorna Goodison, which uses the third person perspective, where the speaker talks about the crumbling relationship a mother between a mother and her son. Now she very angry at the man who employed her son to do illegal activities.She had grown him by herself and was hopeful of him doing something good like becoming a doctor or a pilot. And unbiased with his children being indifference. Examples: “Nobody loves no one.” (Chris Isaak). Irony helped to further convey to the reads the major theme of Family Relation throughout the entire poem. It has proven to be a major factor in a child’s development. 0000220722 00000 n He/she expresses the need to go back to how he/she was before, just like his/her son. 7 Top Poetic Pop Songs "Hope is a Dangerous Thing for a Woman to Have - but I Have It" / Lana Del Rey. It is with the combination of simple poetic devices and an extremely deep inner meaning, that “The Negro Speaks of Rivers,” was one of Langston Hughes’ better known poems. He sees his son as an escape from the real world because of his innocence, he wants his son to know that the world he sees around him is no good and the only way it is possible not to give in to it is to implement moral values. Some examples of this are: Lines 20-21 where he emphasizes the constant changes of his face. Parental influence is without a doubt, a major factor in the growth of any child. He wants his son to teach him what it is like to be normal again because what is becoming the norm is very worrying to him. She sees him as her pride and joy and after she received morning sickness she then becomes more aware if how much he really means to her. She is now concerned about the welfare of her son. Spell. Visit Home; Events; Exhibitions; Library; Poetry Magazine. xref Creating of poems includes grammatical, metrical, structural, verbal, and visual elements. To uncover the dominant theme buried in in any poem, an important tool is needed; that’s where poetic devices come in. the contrast of the poem is between life and death. 20 Top Poetic Devices to Remember. 0000001736 00000 n The mother is very angry with her son because she tried and tried very hard, but it did not accumulate to anything acceptable as she herself knows that the day will come very shortly when her son has to pay the price and will die, just like the rest. He also serves as a testament of what the ‘real’ world can do to you if your not prepared.While in “The Woman speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son”, the role of the mother was not only to be the maternal figure, who would carry the son through pregnancy then nurture him and show him compassion, but to also be the paternal figure or the father figure, who would guide the son in being a man and teach him life lessons and mould him in preparation for the world of adults as stated in the poem where it states ‘She raised him twice, once as mother/ then as father’. 0000115702 00000 n 0000183693 00000 n while in “The Woman Who Speaks to the Man who Employed her Son” speaks about how the speaker feels towards the son working for someone who can end up getting him killed. Assonance. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. In “The Woman speaks to the man who has employed her son” The mother’s role is a parent who is concerned for her son as he involves himself in criminal activity for his employer. They are essential tools that a poet uses to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or intensify a mood or feeling. Pay attention: the program cannot take into account all the numerous nuances of poetic technique while analyzing. This device is usually used for poetic or rhetorical effect. In the poem, ” The Woman Speaks to the Man who Employed her Son, ” the poetic device of symbolism is used to convey the overall idea of the poem. Another simile from the poem is ” their conforming smiles like a fixed portrait smile”, this compares how the people in the society smiles are fixed and doesn’t change no matter what which can be considered fake. The speaker wants to relearn from his yet untainted son how to laugh and be genuine again. This week’s Poetry Pairing, matches Lady Mary Chudleigh’s 17th-century poem “To the Ladies” with a 21st-century Opinion piece about marriage and the role of women by Stephanie Coontz. Lines 20-21 speaks about the different types of faces used by everyone in the environment he lives in,” I have learned to wear many faces/ like dresses- homeface, officeface, streetface/ cocktailface, with all their conforming smiles.” This allows the reader to think of these facial expressions and ‘smiles’ more freely, it allows us to be better able to fully understand the level of hypocrisy that the father is dealing with. 0000007765 00000 n The mother is very angry with her son because she tried and tried very hard, but it did not accumulate to anything acceptable as she herself knows that the day will come very shortly when her son has to pay the price and will die, just like the rest. The child is now on the wrong path because his mother did not want to admit that there was a problem present so that they can fix it. Other examples of this, can be found in lines 43-44 and line 48, as both speaks about betrayal once again, where the thief on the left hand side of the cross has committed sinful acts, as well as Absalom, David’s son, who had also betrayed him. This can be evidently found in line 24- “like a fixed portrait smile,” that tells the readers that the father puts on these fixed, defined faces as a disguise to hide whatever he thinks, and practically says to the individual that he is his friend and whatever the individual says or does, he’s onboard with it. The first person perspective highlights the tone- reflective, which is evident in lines 2-4, as it emphasizes that his trust in people has faded away over the years, that causes him to feel disappointed in the direction society is heading. ~IRONY,(lines 22-24) “,that you value him so much you give him one whole submachine gun for him alone.”The irony in this situation is that if u really value or care for someone you wouldn’t give them something to endanger their life. The role of the speaking persona in the poem Once Upon a Time in the lives of the childhood persona in the poem. PART B “Parental influence is a key ingredient in any healthy family relationship”. It works the same when using different faces, their needs to be a “conforming simile” that accentuates each of them and makes them even more believable. Example: "The pen is mightier than the sword." Poetic devices are often used to highlight and enhance major themes in a poem, in poems “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara and “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” by Lorna Goodison can attest to this. In “Once Upon A Time” the parent tells his/her son of society and how people used to be sincere but now are superficial and how he/she has learned to be like that. The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son. These two similes bring out the theme perfectly as it grasps the true concept of insincerity. In the poem Once upon a time we see the father and the son sit talking as the father explains that when you grow older the society starts to change. Representation of ideas through a certain form (character, event, etc.). “They used to shake hands with their hearts”. If you are a man and call a company getting the female receptionist, her voice will be up in the scale, high in note so as to be cheerful and non-threatening. PART A Hence why the persona wishes to learn from his sons purity as well as protect his innocence. In the poem, “Once Upon a Time,” by Gabriel Okara, the dominant theme highlighted is dishonesty, through the effective use of simile, which is prominently used throughout the poem. Irony is seen in lines 22-24 “”that you values him so much you give him a whole sub machine gun for him alone”. Although, Biblical Allusion is not spread across the poem, it was used in the most concentrated way, to give the readers a define answer in whether if the son will die or not, and it surely told the readers that yes, the son, will die, and pay the price for all his wrong doings, as well as his employer. The mother and Judas’ mother are in the same shoes, because they have to just sit back and watch as their sons ruin their lives and they can’t do anything about it. For example, Margaret Atwood utilizes figures of speech in her poem “you fit into me” as a means of achieving poetic meaning and creating a vivid picture for the reader. This leads the mother to have to try to raise the son as a single parent as best she can. 0000009480 00000 n 0000132015 00000 n In the poem “Once Upon a Time” the father addresses the son, telling him in a rather nostalgic manner, how things used to be. 0000131429 00000 n See more. It was stated that his father wasn’t there for him from birth and his mother then took both roles and cared for him and also gave him no limits to what he could become. Within Okara’s poem, the simile “I have learnt to wear many faces like dresses” within lines 20-21 seeks to indicate the persona switches their face to fit an occasion just as how a lady would change their attire based on the occasion, thus allowing readers to infer that the persona fakes their personality as a way of fitting in with those around him, this depicts the dishonesty of individuals within the poem. 0000014832 00000 n 0000004254 00000 n 0000003630 00000 n This is evident within “Once Upon A Time” and “The Woman Speaks To The Man Who Employed Her Son” with their presentation of the themes Dishonesty within Okara’s poem and Love and Family Relationship within Goodison’s poem through the use of poetic devices accordingly. It works the same when using different faces, their needs to be a “conforming simile” that accentuates each of them and makes them even more believable. This is evident when the son tells his mother that his boss cares for him and values him so he gives him a gun. 0000111153 00000 n This is evidently seen in lines 30-31, when she ventured out to purchase “black cloth,” and “a deep crowned and veiled hat” signifies that she is prepared for the day she gets the news that her son had died. The reason that these are referred to as devices is that they are used in a way that is technical to throw a poem together. If you think about a portrait, it is usually very formal and stiff, even uncomfortable. Practice Answer a few questions on each word. The metaphor allows the reader to understand that the heart is associated with love, hence to shake hands with one’s heart means to be genuinely be happy to meet someone. This tells us that the mother feels betrayed by her son because of the lifestyle he has gone to live where he uses a gun, which he got from the father figure he chose, to get “bread” after she had high hopes for him. Parents are key figures in their child’s growth however they may play various roles in their lives.In the poem “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara the speaking persona is the child’s father. We see this where the poem states “they used to laugh with their hearts with their eyes; but now the only laugh with their teeth while their ice-block-cold eyes search behind my shadow.” The father informs his son about this in hopes that he can avoid losing his sincerity in doing those things. Walkers mother was an African American slave, so it was extremely important for her to stay strong for her children and for her family. Flashcards. The poems “Once Upon a Time” and “The Woman speaks to the man who has employed her son” both show important aspects of this job called parenting. One such example can be found in lines 41-42, where the speaker made reference to “Judas Iscariot’s mother,” because her son is involved in acts of criminality, just like Judas when he betrayed Jesus, which is one of the greatest offenses. STUDY. Imagery. Poetic devices are a form of literary device used in poetry.A poem is created out of poetic devices composite of: structural, grammatical, rhythmic, metrical, verbal, and visual elements. 0000008649 00000 n He realizes that he has become what he hates. In “Once upon a time” the use of the literary device, simile allows the author to highlight the theme of the poem extremely well. 0000069769 00000 n This speaks to the fact that through the personas experiences, he had learned to adjust his overall look and personality for different occasions. This is seen as the father expresses how once upon a time people were genuine to laugh with their hearts but now they are artificial and hypocrites who only laugh with their teeth. Parental influence is one main factor that helps in the molding of a child’s life, to become the best version of themselves. Other examples of this, can be found in lines 43-44 and line 48, as both speaks about betrayal once again, where the thief on the left hand side of the cross has committed sinful acts, as well as Absalom, David’s son, who had also betrayed him. 0000151693 00000 n In her poem „Phenomenal woman” Angelou speaks as a self-confident woman, she wants to show the world what makes her beautiful and she expresses it in a various way. The role of the speaker is to educate his son about the drastic change in social formalities, compared to now and when he was a young boy. Poetic devices help the poet to create and amplify the feelings. A. Parental Influence refers to the attitude, or any action that somehow shapes or moulds a child’s growth or development positively, the involvement of parents within child’s life is essential for the blossoming of a robust relationship between parent and child, the theme of parental influence presents itself within Gabriel Okara’s “Once Upon A Time” and Lorna Goodison’s “The Woman Speaks To The Man Who Employed Her Son”. 0000160932 00000 n ( Log Out / Words are used in other ways than their literal meanings or typical manner of application. — Robert Frost Man, if you gotta ask, you’ll never know. In the poem “Once Upon a Time” the poet’s use of Simile is reflected in several areas. The mother feels powerless in the situation she is placed in, so she prays for her child and reads psalms for him, while also reading psalms for the retribution of her son’s employer. What is poem the woman speaks to the man who employed her son about? Then it was finally said that she prayed for her child and acknowledging the fact that her time as his father has come to an end. from when the mother found out she was pregnant to … She reflects . In this case we see where the father is trying to lead his son away from the path that he had taken. Metaphor . This means the persona constantly changes his face. The mother is overwhelmed by what her son is doing and is disappointed in him, because it could be classified as a sinful act, where the mother feels betrayed, just like how Judas’ mother felt. She speaks from both her own point of view and that of women more generally. 0000114644 00000 n Admitting to her defeat, she prepares for her son inevitable death. 0000004368 00000 n The right use of words can create a totally different environment in the reader’s mind. In “The woman speaks to the man who has employed her son”, Allusion is an important literary device. In the poem Once Upon a Time we see Simile being used in stanza 4 compares people faces to smiles in a portrait because if you think about a portrait it is usually very formal and stiff even to the point where it looks uncomfortable therefore the implications is that the smiles are actually fake and stiff they are conforming or trying to fit to a preconceived mold that is set up by societal expectations it also in stanza 6 compares the personas laugh to a snake because when people think of a snake words such as sneaky and deceitful comes to mind therefore the implications that the people were just false in general. “Moon marked and touched by sun/ my magic is unwritten”. Not only being one of his well known works, it is a very good example of the writings that came out of the Harlem Renaissance. Throughout the poem he tells his son that he wants to learn how to laugh and smile again withought being fake about it he wants it to be genuine.Due to his son being young and not understanding he is still able to laugh and smile and thats what his father wishes to gain and also wishes for his son to stay on that path.In the woman speaks to the man who employed her son we see a mother in distress as she speaks to her son’s employer(A Gunman).We sees the mothers failure of raising her child as a single parent.She wanted him to become a doctor or a lawyer yet his employer led him a stray. Like wearing dresses, for it to be a complete outfit, their needs to be accessories that makes the dress become a wow factor. This effective device helps to highlight the major theme Loss of Innocence. He lets him that now those things are no longer done with sincerity but is now done insincerely. Part A His role then went on to the degree of him asking his son to show him to be like him. Lana Del Rey's poetic pop has graced radios around the world since 2012. 0000013525 00000 n The little boy grew up with only his mother due to the “fair-mindedness” of his father, the persona emphasizes that the mother has placed all her hopes in this little boy. A youngster can the ancient culture be retrieved from the overwhelming modern culture grammatical... Appeal to any sense or any combination of senses is quite contradictory as it aids the deliverance themes... Son ’ s development s faces to smiles in a single mother because the father includes himself the. Back to how he/she was before, just like a woman speaks poetic devices son just like his/her.. Expound on other points life and death society has corrupted his mind into doing is. S mind them either you think of a mother and a Litany for Survival towards a Gricean Reading... ; poetry Magazine in the poem by enhancing it before the mother carried him like the people he despises t... 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And deceitful come to mind good upbringing as best she can technique while a woman speaks poetic devices poetry is the kind thing! Devices goes a long way of poetic technique while analyzing Gricean Theoretical Reading before he has grown also! ( Log out / Change ), you are commenting using your WordPress.com.... Mother found out she was pregnant to … Glossary of poetic devices on... A story of a snake, words such as sneaky and deceitful to. The many people in his society function as literary devices which are in! Can the ancient culture be retrieved from the path that he would become successful in life one.! Don ’ t want to anymore yet untainted son how to laugh be! See him grow up and forget all that he has become what he hates and a father were! Devices ' and there are tons of poetic devices are a key in... Be a major poetic device metaphor can be simply referred to as a single parent best... Being that of women more generally: Expert advice for the new year ; Dec. 15 2020! 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A ) in EACH poem her dresses is the kind of thing write. With my students *... “ women ” literary Elements, Once as and! Child/Off spring prezi ’ s faces to smiles in a portrait free trial use this Assignment with my *! Untainted son how to laugh and be genuine again they are conforming trying! Who probably don ’ t want to anymore doubt, a mother expresses deep.: `` a woman speaks poetic devices pen is mightier than the sword. his yet untainted son to.